As it is not possible for the Grand Chamber of the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina to work due to objective reasons (the Constitutional Court is not in full composition), the Constitutional Court is forced to decide cases exclusively sitting in plenary sessions. However, only a limited number of cases can be decided this way.
The Constitutional Court provides a subsidiary protection of only those rights as provided for by the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Thus, the cases referred to the plenary session in such a situation are only those which, according to the Rules of the Constitutional Court of the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Official Gazette of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 94/14 and 47/23) and according to the Constitutional Court's assessment, are urgent or in which, according to the Rules of the Constitutional Court, a decision on admissibility is made. The Constitutional Court is mindful of this ex officio. Despite great efforts, not even all urgent cases can be referred to the same plenary session at the same time. Therefore, a request for urgent action in individual cases may not affect the course of proceedings before the Constitutional Court.